The Anthropophagic Manifest by Oswald de Andrade (1928)

Only anthropophagy unites us. Socially. Economically. Philosophically.

The unique law of the world. Masked expression of all individualisms, of all collec visms. Of all religions. Of all peace trea es.

Tupi, or not Tupi that is the ques on.

Against all catechiza ons. And against the mother of the Gracchi.

I am only interested in what is not mine. Law of human. Law of the anthropophagus.

We are red of all the suspicious Catholic husbands put in drama. Freud nished o the woman-enigma and other dreads of printed psychology.

What trampled over truth was the cloth, the impermeable between the inner and the outer world. Reac on against the dressed human. American movie will inform.

Children of the sun, mother of the living. Fiercely met and loved, with all the hypocrisy of nostalgia, by immigrated, slaves and tourists. In the country of the big snake*.

That is because we never had grammars or collec ons of old vegetable. And we never knew what was urban, suburban, fron er and con nental. Lazy people on the world map of Brazil.

A par cipa ng consciousness, a religious rhythmic.

Against all importers of canned consciousness. The palpable existence of life. And the study of pre-logical mentality le to Mr. Levy-Bruhl study.

We want the Carahiba revolu on. Bigger than the French Revolu on. The uni ca on of all e ec ve revolts toward human. Without us, Europe would not even have its poor human rights declara on.

The golden age announced by America. The golden age. And all the girls.[2]

Filia on. The contact with Carahiban Brazil. Oú Villegaignon print terre. Montaigne. The natural human. Rousseau. From the French Revolu on to Roman cism, to the Bolshevist Revolu on, to the Surrealist Revolu on and to the Keyserling’s technicized barbarian. We walk on.

We were never catechized. We live through a somnambular Law. We made Christ born in Bahia. Or in Belém do Pará.

But we never admi ed the birth of logic among us.

Against Father Vieira. Who made our rst loan, for a fee. The illiterate king had told him: put this on paper, but be not too cra y. So the loan was made. Brazilian sugar was taxed. Vieira le the money in Portugal and brought us cra iness.

The spirit refuses to conceive spirit without body. Anthropomorphism. The necessity of an anthropophagic vaccine. For the balance against meridian religions. And exterior inquisi ons.

We can only a end to the auracular world.

We had jus ce as codi ca on of vengeance. Science as codi ca on of Magic. Anthropophagy. The permanent transforma on of Taboo into totem.

Against the reversible world and objec ed ideas. Deadened ideas. The stop of thought when it is dynamic. The individual vic m of the system. Source of classical injus ces. Of roman c injus ces. And the oblivion of inner conquests.

Scripts. Scripts. Scripts. Scripts. Scripts. Scripts. Scripts.

The Carahiban ins nct.

Death and life of hypotheses. From the I-equa on as part of the Kosmos to the Kosmos-axiom as part of the self. Subsistence. Knowledge. Anthropophagy.

Against plantlike elites. In communica on with the soil.

We were never catechized. We made Carnival instead. The Indian dressed up as senator of the Empire. Pretending to be Pi . Or featuring in Alencar’s operas full of good Portuguese feelings.

We already had communism. We already had the surrealist language. The golden age.

Ca Ca . Imara No á. No á Imara. Ipejú.

Magic and life. We had the roster and the distribu on of physical goods, of moral goods, of dignity goods. And we knew how to transpose mystery and death with the aid of some gramma cal forms.

I asked a man what Law was. He answered it was the assurance of the exercise of possibility. That man was called Galli Ma as. I ate him.

There is no determinism only where there is mystery. But what do we have to do with that?

Against the stories of the human that start at Cape Finisterre. The undated world. The non-rubricated world. Without Napoleon. Without Caesar.

The xa on of progress by means of catalogues and television sets. Only machinery. And blood transfusers.

Against antagonis c sublima ons. Brought over in caravels.

Against the truth of the missionary peoples, de ned by the sagacity of an anthropophagous, the Viscount of Cairu: – It is a lie repeated over and over.

But who came were not crusaders. There were fugi ves from a civiliza on we are ea ng up, because we are as strong and as vengeful as the land turtle.

If God is the consciousness of the Uncreated Universe, Guaraci is the mother of the living. Jaci is the mother of plants.

We had no specula on. But we had divina on. We had Poli cs that is the science of distribu on. And a planetary- social system.

Migra ons. The escape from boring states. Against urban scleroses. Against Conservatories, and specula ve boredom.

From William James to Vorono . The trans gura on of Taboo into totem. Anthropophagy.

The paterfamilias and the crea on of the Stork Fable: Actual ignorance of things + lack of imagina on + authorita ve feeling before the curious progeny. It is necessary to start from a profound atheism in order to arrive at the idea of God. But the Carahiba did not need. Because they had Guaraci.

The created objec ve reacts like the Fallen Angels. Then Moses divagates. What do we have to do with that?

Before the Portuguese had discovered Brazil, Brazil had discovered happiness.

Against the torch-bearing Indian. The Indian son to Mary, godson to Catherine de Medicis and son-in-law to Don Antonio de Mariz.

Joy is the acid test.

In the matriarchy of Pindorama.

Against Memory as source of the habit. The renewed personal experience.

We are concre sts. Ideas take hold, react, burn people in public squares. Let us suppress ideas and other paralyses. For scripts. To believe in signs, to believe in instruments and stars.

Against Goethe, the mother of the Gracchi, and the Court of Don John VI.

Joy is the acid test.

The struggle between what one might call Uncreated and the Creature – illustrated by the permanent contradic on of human and his Taboo. The quo dian love and the capitalist modus vivendi. Anthropophagy. Absorp on of the sacred enemy. To transform him into totem. The human adventure. The earthly nality. However, only pure elites managed to realize carnal anthropophagy, which carries in itself the highest meaning of life and avoids all the ills iden ed by Freud, the ills of catechism. What happens is not a sublima on of sexual ins nct. It is the thermometric scale of anthropophagic ins nct. Once carnal, it turns elec ve and creates friendship. If a ec ve, love. If specula ve, science. It deviates, it transfers itself. We reach vili ca on. Low anthropophagy agglomerated into the sins of catechism – envy, usury, calumny, murder. Plague of the so-called cultured and Chris anized peoples, it is against it we are ac ng. Anthropophagi.

Against Anchieta singing the eleven thousand virgins of heaven, in Iracema’s land – the patriarch João Ramalho founder of São Paulo.

Our independence was not proclaimed yet. Typical phrase of Don John VI: – Son, put the crown on thy head before some adventurer doeth it! We expelled dynasty. It is necessary to expel the Braganza spirit, the rule and the snu of Maria da Fonte.

Against the clothed and oppressive social reality, recorded by Freud – reality without complexes, without madness, without pros tu ons, and without the peniten aries of the matriarchy of Pindorama.

In Pira ninga. Year 374 of the Swallowing of Bishop Sardinha. In: Revista de Antropofagia [Journal of Anthropophagy], São Paulo, 1, May 1928.

Based on the English transla on by Maria do Carmo Zanini in 2006, from whom these notes are extracted:

* Tupi is an ex nct language, spoken by the Tupinamba people, which was one of the main ethnic groups of Brazilian indigenous people. Scholars believe they rst se led in the Amazon rainforest, but 2,900 years ago they started to spread southward and gradually occupied the Atlan c coast.

Carahiba – From Tupi “Kara ‘ib” (wise, clever), is the name of two small trees, Cordia calocephala and C. insignis from the family Boraginaceae tuberous, that produces small yellow owers and is also known as For Everything.

Ca – in the Tupi teogonia it is the New Moon, and also the emergence of love.

Ca Ca . Imara No á. No á Imara. Ipejú, in Tupi, could be translated as “New Moon, New Moon! Blow on him rememberings about me”.

Guaraci or Quaraci (from Tupi kwara’sï, “sun”) in the Guaraní mythology is the god of the Sun, creator of all living creatures.

Jaci (from Tupi îasy “moon”), is the goddess Moon, protector of the lovers and of reproduc on. The goddess is iden ed with Vishnu and Isis.

Big snake (cobra grande), also known as boiúna, is a fantas c creature from Brazilian folklore.